The Diabetes – Dental Health Connection

Diabetes is the ability of the body to utilise the blood sugar and glucose for energy. There can be a number of complications that can be caused by diabetes. These include the heart ailment, nerve damage, kidney disease, stroke and even night blindness. The best orthodontist and dentist opine that oral health problems and the gum disease are other complications that can be caused by diabetes.

Research has revealed that people who have diabetes are more prone to different forms of gum ailments like gingivitis and periodontitis.

Diabetes is associated with an enhanced risk of thrush which is a type of fungal infection. Moreover, dry mouth can also be caused by diabetes. This has been associated with the enhanced risk of soreness, mouth ulcers, cavities, and dental infections.

Again, the blood sugar control level can be affected by gum disease.

Diabetes and Dental Action – Is This a 2-Way Street?

Emerging research suggests that the relationship between the serious gum disease and diabetes happens to be a two-way street. It is not just that people with diabetes are more prone to serious gum ailments but even those who are prone to serious gum ailments can also get their blood glucose level affected to a considerable extent. Gum disease can contribute massively to the progress of diabetes.diabetes

The research suggests that people with diabetes are at an enhanced risk of oral health issues like periodontitis which is a serious form of gum ailment and gingivitis which is the early stage of gum disease.

It is said that people who have diabetes are at an enhanced risk of gum ailment because they are generally more prone to bacterial infection and have reduced the ability to combat the infection that invades the gums.

Symptoms of Untreated Diabetes (Especially on the Oral Health)

The warning signs of diabetes affect various parts of the body. After a blood test, your doctor may tell that you have high blood sugar. You may have to urinate a lot or can feel excessively thirsty.

The fatigue and weight loss are other symptoms of diabetes. Again, this disease can also lead to loss of consciousness if your blood sugar is too low. If it is left untreated your mouth can also be affected by it. Below are some of the ways in which the mouth gets affected. Take a look.

  • You can experience dry mouth because of diabetes as a result of which you may have less saliva in the mouth. Certain medications can also cause dry mouth.

  • Your mouth is also at an enhanced risk of cavities as the saliva protects the teeth.

  • Experiencing delayed wound healing and even the inside of the mouth is not spared from it.

  • You may even have problems tasting the food.

  • You may be susceptible to the infections outside the mouth.

  • Your gums can get inflamed and can often bleed (gingivitis).

  • For the kids with diabetes, teeth can erupt at an age earlier than it is supposed to.


The best way of preventing the diabetes-related complication on your oral health is to maintain the optimal control over the levels of blood sugar. Check the blood sugar level on a daily basis. You should also notify the doctor if you are unable to control the levels with the insulin, oral medications or diet.

You should also take care of your oral health in the best way possible by brushing, flossing and regular visits to the dentists.

Tips on dental hygiene

Here are some of the tips that you should take care of. Just read on.

  • Make it a point to brush the teeth last thing at night and at any one time during the day. The most significant brushing is the one at the end of the day.

  • You should also floss once a day and use the small brushes in order to remove the plaque from in-between the teeth. You should floss before toothbrushing.

  • Try to reduce the intake of the carbonated drinks and the sugary drinks for preventing the dental decay.

  • The fluoride in the toothpaste keeps the teeth strong and prevents the dental decay.

  • At night, water is the only drink that you should take to bed.

  • After the brushing, you should spit out and not rinse the excess toothpaste away. This way you will end up with fluoride on the teeth.

  • The brushing mechanics of the teeth make it better at removing the dental plaque. Not only that but maintaining the healthy gums is also easier with it as compared to using the mouthwash.

  • If diagnosed with gum ailment, your blood sugar control may be more difficult to manage. But with effective gum treatment, it can improve.

  • A timer can help you to brush for a complete 2 minutes.

  • Your gums and teeth should be checked by a reputed dentist whom you can find by typing good dentist near me in your search engines at least twice a year. The dentist can advise you how often you should see the dentist or the hygienist.

So if you have diabetes, keep the above in mind in order to maintain the spick and span condition of your oral health.


Shashi Das

Shashi Das is writing for Gyan Goggles Blog on health and fitness since 2019. He is a blogger by profession and Writes posts for popular health-centric sites.

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